Cogito ergo sum

During our Forecasting Futures lecture we were introduced to the philosophical concept of Cartesian Dualism. Before digging deeper in the meaning of the phrase and its philosophical origins, we can get a general idea by reflecting on the term “dualism”: it suggest that there are two parts, elements or aspects which are opposed or contrasting. In Philosophy it refers to the belief that there are two distinct realities: material (physical) and immaterial (spiritual). In Philosophy of mind, the theory of dualism suggests mind and body are two separate entities. Ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle disputed upon the nature of soul and body and whether they are bound or not.

Later, in the 17th century, René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius) particularly focused on the concept of dualism in his philosophical studies, forming the “Cartesian Dualism” theory, also called “Substance Dualism”. He believed there are “two kinds of substance: matter, of which the essential property is that it is spatially extended; and mind, of which the essential property is that it thinks” (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy(2011), Dualism). From his theory follows the famous quote “cogito ergo sum” (I think, therefore I am).

Our tutor then asked us two research the following two words: ontology and epistemology. These are two key theories in metaphysics, the branch of philosophy dealing with principles of things. These can be very abstract concepts such as being, knowing, identity, time and space. Ontology covers the nature of being whereas epistemology is concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge and aims to distinguish between justified belief and opinion (Oxford online dictionary, Definition of Epistemology). It therefore also poses challenging questions such as “How much do we or can we know?”


Calef, S. (nd) Dualism and mind. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (available at:

Corazzon, R. (2015) Ontology: Its Role in Modern Philosophy. (available at:

Mastin, L. (2008) Dualism. the Basics of Philosophy (available at:

Robinson, H. (2011) Dualism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (available at:

Truncellito, D.A. (nd) Epistemology . Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (available at:

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Catalogue – Hallo Mami!

Dear reader,
This catalogue was designed for you. It is a collection of valuable conversations I had with one of the most important people in my life, my mother. The collection aims to portray the importance of communication. Today, communication is ever present and its means have developed impressively. Yet, although we have so many mediums among which we can choose, imagery, emails, phone, text messages, chats, social networks, we often seem to be more distant than ever. Globalisation has contributed to more and more people moving around the globe for travel, work or other circumstances. Still, it has to be important to maintain our roots and stay close to our family and home.
The entries in the catalogue are arranged by the medium of communication used during the conversation, moving from the most impersonal -email- to the most valuable -in person. At the end you will find an essay, which has been triggered by the preceeding conversations and their contributions to thoughts and debates.
I hope you find it as engaging and stimulating as it was for me designing it.

Continue reading

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Essay question presentation


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White November

Good thing: I have an injury. Brilliant. A hole in the racecourse. I’d better have gone hunting instead. Holidays to the Philippines: cancelled. My friend is going to be mad I’ll miss her wedding. She is going to remove me from her friend list, that’s for sure. I dream of white beaches, instead I see the white curtains of my hospital room. NHS says food choice and quality 96,2% among the best but I still find it disgusting. The nurse did get her eyebrows done, threading of course. But she looks stupid, no expression on her face. At home we call them Seagull wings. No offense to seagulls. Seagulls are very clever. They learn, remember and even pass on behaviours, such as stamping their feet in a group to imitate rainfall and trick earthworms to come to the surface. A month has 30 days, approximately 730hours or 43. 829 minutes. That’s a long time to spend in a room. Jacked potato or mashed potatoes?

Writing exercise from 05 lecture by Andrea Mason: (Un)creative writing in the Digital Age

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I remember taking a selfie


I remember Mark’s lecture. I remember taking a selfie. I remember feeling stupid at it. I remember Mark telling us “Try not to pose! Pretend you don’t know you are taking a selfie, forget about it!”. I remember thinking about selfies and how we all look stupid when we take them, but how in the end, they are funny and can be a nice memory. I remember Andrew showing us a picture of Diana taken by Mario Testino and discussing together whether we thought it is her and how she really is we see in the picture, or if it is Mario Testino’s Diana.

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Lecture 3: Pose! “That’s not me”

On Thursday 5/02 we had our third lecture. It was held by CTS coordinator Dr. Mark Ingham and was about photography. The title of the lecture was ‘ Pose! “That’s not me” ‘. The lecture touched many different aspects within the wide field of photography. We started off by looking at the following picture and briefly commenting on it:

Thats Not Me!Is it a real portrait? or do we see just a staged scene? Why are the people in the picture dressed and styled like this? Why does the man have a parrot and the woman a gun? Are they symbols that tell us something about the characters and their relationship or are they random? What is it we see when looking at a portrait? Is it really the person who has been photographed or is it the eye of the photographer we see?

All these questions were raised and different points of view discussed resulting in an exciting kickstart to the lecture. Continue reading

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I remember Harriet’s lecture #2

So here is another “I remember”  from Harriet’s lecture. This time I did a continuous line drawing because that was actually what Andrew wanted us to do (I kind of did not get the task completely right at first). It was interesting doing it again after some more time has passed because if I confront this outcome and the first one I posted, I can see how they differ from each other. Words I wrote will follow after the picture.


I remember lines all kind of lines I remember cave paintings I remember one depicting a hunting scene and another being more abstract I remember hands on a wall I remember natural pigments I remember memory and different ways to remember things I remember a group exercise where we drew lines and talked about lines I remember drawing my way to college in a very simplified manner and I remember my classmates taking much longer because they were doing it more accurately I remember body lines I remember the lecture being different from what I expected

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